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Citing Information

CSE / CBE: Sample Works-Cited Page

CSE/CBE: Sample References Page


We have double-spaced here for readability, but CSE style does not specify a preferred line spacing in bibliographies. Instead, this decision is left at the publisher's (or your professor's) discretion.


Names and titles are to be alphabetized together. For personal names, alphabetize based on the last name, including any particles ("de," "la," "von," etc) that precede the name. Disregard all punctuation and accent marks in the last name. For titles or organization names, ignore articles such as "a" and "the" (and equivalents in other languages) for alphabetization purposes.

What to include

Your bibliography should contain only those works that correspond to a citation in the body of your paper. If you wish to include additional references not cited in your paper, you may provide another list with the title "Additional Reading" or similar.

Allan SA. 2001. Ticks (class Arachnida: order Acarina). In: Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA, editors. Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd ed. Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press. p 72-106.
[BP] The Biology Project. c2003. The chemistry of amino acids [Internet]. University of Arizona; [cited 2004 Mar 17]. Available from:
Birmingham K. 2003. The move to prevent therapeutic cloning. J Clin Invest. [cited 2004 Mar 17]; 112(11):1600. In Academic Search Elite [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Publishing. [date unknown]- . Available from: System Requirements: Adobe Acrobat. Registration required for access.
Blanchette M. 2003. A comparative analysis method for detecting binding sites in coding regions. In: Vingron, Martin, Istrail, Sorin, Pevzner, Pavel, Waterman, Michael, editors. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual International Conference on Computational Molecular Biology; 2003 Apr 10-14; Berlin, Germany. New York (NY): ACM Press. [cited 2004 Mar 17]; p. 57-66. In ACM Digital Library [Internet]. New York (NY): Association for Computing Machinery. 1947- . Available from: System Requirements: Adobe Acrobat. Registration required for access.
Cox J, Engstrom RT. 2001. Influence of the spatial pattern of conserved lands on the persistence of a large population of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Biol Conserv. 100(1): 137-150.
Greaves S. 2003. ZAP-ping T-cell activation. Nat Cell Biol [Internet]. [cited 2004 Mar 17]; 5(13): [about 4 paragraphs]. Figure 1, CD8-positive T cells incubated with antigen-producing cells; [about 1 screen]. Available from:
Hilton-Taylor C, compiler. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [Internet]. Gland (Switzerland) and Cambridge (UK): IUCN; [cited 2002 Feb 12]. Available from:
Losos JB. 2001 Mar. Evolution: a lizard's tale. Sci Am. 284(3): 64-69.
Mech LD. 1988. The Arctic wolf: living with the pack. Stillwater (MN): Voyageur Press. 128 p.
Philippi TE, Dixon PM, Taylor BE. 1998. Detecting trends in species composition. Ecological Applications [Internet]. [cited 2002 Feb 12]; 8(2): 300-8. Available from:
Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE, Wilson EO, editors. 1997. Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press, 1997. 551 p.
Wellborn TL. 1998. Channel catfish: life history and biology [Internet]. College Station (TX): Texas Agricultural Extension Service; [cited 2004 Mar 16]; 4 p. Available from:
Yoon CK. 2000 Dec 26. DNA clues improve outlook for red wolf. New York Times. Sect. F:10 (col. 1).