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Citing Information: Sample References Page

CSE/CBE: Sample Works-Cited Page

CSE/CBE: Sample References Page


We have double-spaced here for readability, but CSE style does not specify a preferred line spacing in bibliographies. Instead, this decision is left at the publisher's (or your professor's) discretion.


Citations are presented in the order in which they are introduced in the text. This means that the work that is cited first in the text (and thus assigned the number "1") appears in the list first, the work assigned the number "2" appears next, and so on.

What to include

Your bibliography should contain only those works that correspond to a citation in the body of your paper. If you wish to include additional references not cited in your paper, you may provide another list with the title "Additional Reading" or similar.

1. Mech LD. The Arctic wolf: living with the pack. Stillwater (MN): Voyageur Press; 1988. 128 p.
2. Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE, Wilson EO, editors. Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Washington (DC): Joseph Henry Press; 1997. 551 p.
3. Allan SA. Ticks (class Arachnida: order Acarina). In: Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA, editors. Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd ed. Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press; 2001. p 72-106.
4. Cox J, Engstrom RT. Influence of the spatial pattern of conserved lands on the persistence of a large population of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Biol Conserv. 2001;100(1):137-150.
5. Losos JB. Evolution: a lizard's tale. Sci Am. 2001 Mar;284(3): 64-69.
6. Yoon CK. DNA clues improve outlook for red wolf. New York Times. 2000 Dec 26;Sect. F:10 (col. 1).
7. Philippi TE, Dixon PM, Taylor BE. Detecting trends in species composition. Ecol Appl [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2002 Feb 12]; 8(2): 300-308. Available from:
8. Birmingham K. The move to prevent therapeutic cloning. J Clin Invest. 2003 [cited 2004 Mar 17]; 112(11):1600. In Academic Search Elite [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Publishing. [date unknown]- . Available from: System Requirements: Adobe Acrobat. Registration required for access.
9. Blanchette M. A comparative analysis method for detecting binding sites in coding regions. In: Vingron, Martin, Istrail, Sorin, Pevzner, Pavel, Waterman, Michael, editors. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual International Conference on Computational Molecular Biology; 2003 Apr 10-14; Berlin, Germany. New York (NY): ACM Press. 2003; [cited 2004 Mar 17]; p. 57-66. In ACM Digital Library [Internet]. New York (NY): Association for Computing Machinery. 1947- . Available from: System Requirements: Adobe Acrobat. Registration required for access.
10. Hilton-Taylor C, compiler. 2000 IUCN red list of threatened species [Internet]. Gland (Switzerland) and Cambridge (UK): IUCN; 2000 [cited 2002 Feb 12]. Available from:
11. Wellborn TL. Channel catfish: life history and biology [Internet]. College Station (TX): Texas Agricultural Extension Service; 2000 [cited 2004 Mar 16]. 4 p. Available from:
12. [BP] The Biology Project. The chemistry of amino acids [Internet]. University of Arizona; c2003 [cited 2004 Mar 17]. Available from:
13. Greaves S. ZAP-ping T-cell activation. Nat Cell Biol [Internet]. 2003 [cited 2004 Mar 17]; 5(13): [about 4 paragraphs]. Figure 1, CD8-positive T cells incubated with antigen-producing cells; [about 1 screen]. Available from: