This is the "EBN in Practice" page of the "Using Evidence Based Nursing in Practice" guide.
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Using Evidence Based Nursing in Practice  

Last Updated: Feb 24, 2013 URL: Print Guide Email Alerts

EBN in Practice Print Page


The purpose of the EBN process is to help you as a professional make informed decisions by learning from what others in your field are researching and learning. Using these set steps makes it easier to apply current quality evidence from research in clinical and healthcare decisions. 

This website and the resources listed will help to guide you through the 5 steps of the EBN process. Click on each step to find out more information.


Evidence Based Nursing is a Five-Step Process

The 5 "A's" will help you to remember the EBN process:

  1. ASK:  Information needs from practice are converted into focused, structured questions.
  2. ACQUIRE:  The focused questions are used as a basis for literature searching in order to identify relevant external evidence from research.
  3. APPRAISE:  The research evidence is critically appraised for validity.
  4. APPLY: The best available evidence is used alongside clinical expertise and the patient's perspective to plan care.
  5. ASSESS:  Performance is evaluated through a process of self reflection, audit, or peer assessment.

For further information on these steps, please visit The Five-Step Process


Exercises and Scenarios

Sample scenarios, searches, completed worksheets, and CATs for Evidence Based Nursing  Topics include diagnosis, prognosis , therapy, harm, systematic reviews, and qualitative research.

From the University of Toronto Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital



Information about these steps were referenced from:

1) Duke University - Evidence-Based Medicine Workshop April 2003
2) Flemming K. Asking answerable questions [editorial]. Evidence-Based Nursing 1998 Apr;1:36-7.

Guide Authors:


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