Introduction to Tapeless Workflows
There are two fairly common videocamera formats that use a medium other than tape to record video. Some cameras record MPEG-2 video files. Another common format is AVCHD. This is the format used by the cameras that you can check out at the Media Resources Center.
MPEG-2 cameras record to a variety of different media. Internal hard drives and SD cards are the most common. The files it records have the .MOD extension. You will also see .MOI files alongside the .MOD files. .MOI files are index files the camera uses when it plays your footage back. Most editing programs will not be able to play either of these filetypes, so you will need to convert these to something your editing program can use.
You can use MPEG Streamclip to convert these files to Quicktime for use with either Final Cut Pro or iMovie. On the media lab computers, there are presets that you can use to call up the conversion settings for the three main editing formats used by FCP and iMovie – DV, ProRes 422, and Apple Intermediate Codec. Depending on what format you are using in FCP or iMovie, you will need to choose one of these formats in the conversion process.
To convert AVCHD files to a format you can use, the preferred method is to connect the camera that created these files to a computer, and to use editing software like Final Cut Pro, iMovie, or Premiere to handle these files