Large-scale Latinx immigration to North Carolina first began in the 1960s as Cubans moved to the state following the Cuban Revolution. Mexican immigrants began moving to the state in the 1980s, but it wasn't until the following decade that North Carolina's Latinx population began to increase quickly and dramatically. In 1990, the state's Latinx population was 76,700. By 2010, the Latinx population was estimated to be over 800,000 or 8.4% of the state's total population, with a presence in each of North Carolina's 100 counties.
This research guide is designed to assist researchers investigating Latinx immigration, culture, and life in North Carolina. Some resources, such as the Southern Oral History Program, record the stories and voices of Latinx residents in the state. Other materials include government-issued broadsides and secondary sources that discuss the lives and work of the state's Latinx communities. Many resources cover the public reaction to various legislative and municipal decisions regarding access to services, employment, public health, and education. All of the resources included in this guide can be found at UNC's Wilson Special Collections Library and many can also be found online. This guide does not include all of the resources about Latinx communities held at Wilson Library, but is intended to serve as a starting point for research.