Zika Virus Disease 2016 : Resources for NC Health Care Workers

Information about Zika, Microcephaly, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, & Mosquito Control in the Americas 2016

Popular News : Zika

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What is Zika Virus Disease?

Zika Virus Disease is caused by a flavivirus that spreads to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her fetus during pregnancy or around the time of birth, and possibly through sexual contact. Zika Virus Disease is usually mild and short-term, with the most common symptoms being fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). 4 out of 5 of those infected do not experience noticeable symptoms, and very few become sick enough to go to the hospital. Very rare cases may result in Guillain-Barre syndrome or other serious outcomes.

There have been recent reports of a serious birth defect of the brain called microcephaly (a condition in which a baby’s head and brain are significantly smaller than typical) and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus early in pregnancy. 

Mapping the Outbreak

Epidemiological Week (EW) 17 of 2015 to EW 5 of 2016

Countries with confirmed cases in the Americas, 2015-2016 :

Barbados | Bolivia (Plurinational State of) | Brazil | Colombia | Costa Rica | Curaçao | Dominican Republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | French Guiana | Guadeloupe | Guatemala | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Martinique | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Paraguay | Puerto Rico | Sint Maarten | Suriname | US Virgin Islands | Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

From the Pan American Health Organization and the World Health Organization


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Guide Creator: Mary White, MSLS.