This guide provides guidance on how to construct a citation for data.
Because few citation style guides offer guidance on how to cite data, this set of recommendations should not be taken as the final word on styles. If you have a question, check with your faculty advisor or the journal in which you hope to publish.
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Citing data is important for many reasons: to acknowledge the work of others if the data are not your own, but even if they are your own, to enable others to find (and perhaps re-use) your data, increasing your research impact. Citing your data enables others to cite your work, contributing to metrics that document your scholarly works and contributions in your field.
ICPSR provides a short video (2:28 minutes) about the full range of reasons to cite your data.