Be sure to reference reporting standards when writing your review. This helps ensure that you communicate essential components of your methods, results, and conclusions. There are a number of tools that can be used to ensure compliance with reporting guidelines. A few review-writing resources are listed below.
The PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA- ScR) is a list of 22 reporting items for review teams when completing a scoping review.
The PRISMA-ScR was adapted from the original PRISMA statement, and it is intended to provide guidance on the reporting of scoping reviews. This reporting guideline agrees with the JBI guidance for scoping reviews, which highlights the importance of methodological rigor in the conduct of scoping reviews.
Scoping reviews follow the same structure as original research articles. Sections of your manuscript are shown as bold headings in the PRISMA checklist. Click each section below to see more details about what that section contains.
Describe your manuscript and state whether it is a scoping review, systematic review, or meta-analysis.
Provide a structured summary that includes (as applicable): background, objectives, eligibility criteria, sources of evidence, charting methods, results, and conclusions that relate to the review questions and objectives.
Include details regarding the protocol, eligibility criteria, databases searched, full search strategy of at least one database (often reported in appendix), and the study selection process. Describe how data were extracted and analyzed. If a librarian is part of your research team, that person may be best suited to write this section. Report:
Include the numbers of articles screened at each stage using a PRISMA diagram. Include information about included study characteristics, risk of bias (quality assessment) within studies, and results across studies. Report:
Summarize main findings, including the strength of evidence and limitations of the review. Provide a general interpretation of the results and implications for future research. Report:
Describe any sources of funding for the systematic review.
Report sources of funding for the included sources of evidence, as well as sources of funding for the scoping review. Describe the role of the funders of the scoping review and any potential conflicts of interest.
Refer to the PRISMA checklist for more information. Example text for each of the 22 PRISMA-ScR reporting items can be found in the Discussion section of the article Tricco AC, Lillie E, Zarin W, et al. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467-473. doi:10.7326/M18-0850.