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Researching Confederate Monuments in North Carolina: General Information

Confederate monuments in the state of North Carolina

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Newspapers and Media Resources

NewspapersWinston-Salem Chronicle, July 23, 2015: "Who Owns this Statue?"

Newspapers, both state papers and national level, are invaluable for research on this topic. North Carolina newspapers can be accessed in person at UNC's Wilson Library. UNC affiliates can also access newspapers via databases - please see the "Databases" tab in the North Carolina subject research guide.

Two sites provide public access to North Carolina newspapers: the Digital Heritage Center and Chronicling America.

WUNC's North Carolina Voices: Civil War

This NC Voices series examined how the Civil War affects people in North Carolina 150 years after the start of the war. WUNC looked at the legacy of the war and how we remember it and how it shapes our identity as Southerners.





Bishir, Catherine W. "Building a Southern Past, 1885-1915." Southern Cultures Inaugural Issue (1993). Available online

​Crow, Amy. "In Memory of the Confederate Dead": Masculinity and the Politics of Memorial Work in Goldsboro, North Carolina, 1894-1895.” The North Carolina Historical Review 83 (January 2006): 31-60. North Carolina Collection: Cp970 N87hi v. 83 no. 1

Vincent, Tom. "'Evidence of Womans Loyalty, Perseverance, and Fidelity': Confederate Soldiers' Monuments in North Carolina, 1865-1914." The North Carolina Historical Review 83 Issue: 1. 61-90. North Carolina Collection: Cp970 N87hi v. 83 no. 1

Wahlers, Kasi E. "North Carolina's Heritage Protection Act: cementing Confederate monuments in North Carolina's landscape​." North Carolina Law Review 94.6 (Sept. 2016): p2176. Available via UNC database access and physical holdings.

The Commemorative Landscapes site compiles a selection of essays on the subjects of memorialization and commemoration.


North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources Civil War Monuments Survey

Commemorative Landscapes

"Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina" documents the state's history through a spatially based presentation of ommemorative monuments, shrines, and public art. This digital collection enables users to visualize and analyze the historical memory of the state of North Carolina by viewing famous and little known sites of memory on modern and historic maps. Sites are linked to a wide variety of resources - postcards, photographs, printed publications, newspapers clippings, and manuscript materials - that reveal when, how, and where North Carolinians have commemorated their past. The collection also encourages users to reflect on what parts of their history North Carolinians have elected not to commemorate as well as how the commemorative landscape of the state is likely to change in the future.

Interpretation Guides

The following resources can further inform the interpretation of Confederate monuments and the debate surrounding them:

Charlottesville Syllabus (UVAGSC)

Historians on the Confederate Monument Debate (AHA)

Confederate Monument Interpretation Guide (Atlanta History Center)

Reconsideration of Memorials and Monuments (AASLH article)

Monuments, Memory, Politics, and Our Publics (NCPH)

North Carolina Historic Sites

North Carolina Historic Sites

A group of 27 historic sites, including Civil War battlefields.

North Carolina Historical Commission

Founded in 1903, the North Carolina Historical Commission is an 11-member board of professional historians and interested citizens appointed by the Governor in staggered terms. It is the third oldest state historical agency in the nation. This commission oversees the North Carolina Office of Archives and History which is located within the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources, and it is charged with setting policy for the state’s identification, collection, management, preservation, interpretation and programming related to manuscripts and other records, historical and archaeological artifacts, and historic sites and properties held by most institutions located within the department.

The North Carolina Historical Commission is the appeals body for the North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, provides advice and guidance to the state’s National Register Advisory Committee, and performs review and approval for new monuments located on state property. The North Carolina Historical Commission meets two to four times per year. The Deputy Secretary of the Department of Natural and Cultural Resources serves as the Secretary of the commission.

The commission's governing policy.

Material generated by the North Carolina Civil War Tourism Council, Inc.