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Indigenous Peoples of North Carolina: Lumbee and Meherrin

A Bibliography of Sources Available in the North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Lumbee Resources

General Histories

Barton, Lew. The Most Ironic Story in American History: An Authoritative, Documented History of the Lumbee Indians of North Carolina. Lew Barton, 1967.C970.03 B29m

Blu, Karen I. The Lumbee Problem: The Making of an American Indian People. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2001. C970.03 L92b 2000

Dial, Adolph L. The Lumbee. New York: Chelsea House, 1993. C970.03 D53L

Lowery, Malinda Maynor. Lumbee Indians in the Jim Crow South: Race, Identity, and the Making of a Nation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2010. C970.03 L917L

Lumbee River Legal Services. “The Lumbee Petition for Federal Acknowledgement.” Pembroke, N.C.: Lumbee River Legal Services, 1987. Three volumes. C970.03 P61L

Ross, Thomas E. American Indians in North Carolina: Geographic Interpretations. Southern Pines, N.C.: Karo Hollow Press, 1999. See chapter five, “The Lumbee Indians,” pp. 103-136. C970.01 R826a

Sider, Gerald M. Lumbee Indian Histories: Race, Ethnicity, and Indian Identity in the Southern United States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. C970.03 S56L


Starr, Glenn Ellen. The Lumbee Indians: An Annotated Bibliography, with Chronology and Index. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 1994. C016.97003 S79L

Stilling, Glenn Ellen. The Lumbee Indians: An Annotated Bibliography Online.

Other Institutions and Collections

Meherrin Resources


Jones, Alice Eley. "Traditional Meherrin Folkways." In Hertford County, North Carolina. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia, 2002. pp. 9-16. C971.46 J77h

Ross, Thomas E. American Indians in North Carolina: Geographic Interpretations. Southern Pines, N.C.: Karo Hollow Press, 1999. See chapter nine, “The Meherrin Indians,” pp. 179-187. C970.01 R826a

Journal Articles

Dawdy, Shannon Lee. "The Meherrin's Secret History of the Dividing Line." The North Carolina Historical Review, vol. 72 no. 4 (1995), pp. 388-415. CR970 N87hi

Newspaper Articles

Roberts, Frank. "Meherrin Indian Heritage in N.C. Very Much Alive, Tribesmen Say 'We Want to Get Back to Our Roots Because We've Lost Some of Our Culture.'" The Virginian-Pilot and The Ledger-Star (Norfolk, Va.), 20 January 1994.

Hampton, Jeffrey S. "American Indians Celebrate Culture; Meherrins are near end of Long Process to Get Federal Tribal Recognition." The Virginian-Pilot and The Ledger-Star (Norfolk, Va.), 26 October 2002.

Archival Resources

Helen Maynor Scheirbeck Papers, 1939-2008 (bulk 1960-1990)

Helen Maynor Scheirbeck (1935-2010) was a Lumbee Indian political scientist, educator, and community organizer born in Lumberton, N.C. Scheirbeck both led and served as a consultant to governmental and non-governmental organizations related to American Indian tribal recognition, education, and community development, including the National Congress of American Indians; the Rural and Indian Divisions of the Wisconsin Community Action Programs; the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; the John Hay Whitney Foundation; the American Indian Policy Review Commission; the National Commission for the International Year of the Child; the White House Conference on Children and Youth; the associated Lumbee Regional Development Association, Indian Information Program, and United Indians of America; the Save the Children Federation; the North Carolina Indian Cultural Center; Head Start programs serving American Indian and Alaskan Natives; and the National Museum of the American Indian. Scheirbeck's father, Judge Lacy W. Maynor (1904-1972), was one of the first American Indian judges in North Carolina, and was an advocate for Lumbee Indian rights, education, and federal recognition, a leader in the National Congress of American Indians, and a public opponent of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina. The collection consists chiefly of professional correspondence, research files, administrative files, grant proposals, legislative reports, clippings, speeches, and academic writings created or collected by Helen Maynor Scheirbeck during her career with governmental and non-governmental organizations dedicated to American Indian interests. Materials document American Indian education and social welfare policy development, cultural institutions and organizations, and community development, as well as federal recognition of the Lumbee, Menominee and other tribes. There are also correspondence, clippings, printed items, speech notes, drafts, and an audio recording of Scheirbeck's father, Judge Lacy W. Maynor, that document his judicial career and civic activities.

Jesse E. Oxendine Papers, 1860s-2015

The Jesse E. Oxendine Papers, 1860s-2015, consist of letters, scrapbooks, photographs, and other materials of Jesse E. Oxendine (1926-2017), a Lumbee Indian from Pembroke, N.C. Letters, 1944-1954, were written by family and friends from Pembroke, Charlotte, Detroit, and Richmond, chiefly during Oxendine's World War II military service. Other topics include boy scout troop 27 in Pembroke; the history of the 82nd Airborne, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment, including their participation in the liberation of Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany; Holocaust education; Cherokee Indian Normal School and Pembroke State University; Pembroke local history during the 1940s; Civil War and Reconstruction era recipes and home concoctions; the W. M. Lowry General Merchandise Store; and a 1958 incident in which Lumbee Indians expelled the Ku Klux Klan from Maxton, N.C.

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