Racial Choices: The Emergence of the Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe, 1835-1971 by Marvin McCray Richardson. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2016.
Challenging the South's Black-White Binary: Haliwa-Saponi Indians and Political Autonomy by Marvin McCray Richardson. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2013.
Dane, J. K. and B. Eugene Griessman. "The Collective Identity of Marginal Peoples: The North Carolina Experience." American Anthropologist, vol. 74 no. 3 (1972), pp. 694-704.
Discusses the development of racial identity among the Haliwa and Sampson County (now Coharie) tribes, especially in the organization of churches and schools.
James, A. Everette Jr. "Claude Richardson: Haliwa-Saponi Carver." North Carolina Folklore Journal, vol. 40, no. 2 (1993), pp. 91-96. C398 N87.1