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What Is "Implicit Bias"
"Implicit biases are discriminatory biases based on implicit attitudes or implicit stereotypes. Implicit biases are especially intriguing, and also especially problematic, because they can produce behavior that diverges from a person's avowed or endorsed beliefs or principles.”
Greenwald, Anthony G., and Linda Hamilton Krieger. "Implicit Bias: Scientific Foundations." California Law Review 94, no. 4 (2006): 945-67. doi:10.2307/20439056.
Test Yourself for Bias
Implicit Association Test
From Project Implicit. Includes the following IAT tests: Weight, Skin-tone, Gender-Career, Presidents, Race, Age, Asian, Sexuality, Transgender, Gender-Science, Arab-Muslim, Religion, Disability, Weapons.
Test Yourself for Hidden Bias
From Learning for Justice, formerly Teaching Tolerance
Allied Health Sciences Liaison
Implicit Bias in the Courtroom
Kang, J., Bennett, J. M., Carbado, D., Casey, P., Dasgupta, N., Faigman, D., . . . Mnookin, J. (2012). Implicit bias in the courtroom. UCLA Law Review, 59(5), 1124-1186.
Implicit Racial/Ethnic Bias Among Health Care Professionals and Its Influence on Health Care Outcomes: A Systematic Review
Hall, W. J., Chapman, M. V., Lee, K. M., Merino, Y. M., Thomas, T. W., Payne, B. K., . . . Coyne-Beasley, T. (2015). Implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care professionals and its influence on health care outcomes: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 105(12), E76. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2015.302903
Physicians’ Implicit & Explicit Attitudes About Race by MD Race, Ethnicity & Gender
Sabin, J. A. & Nosek, B. A. & Greenwald, A. G. & Rivara, F. P. "Physicians’ Implicit and Explicit Attitudes About Race by MD Race, Ethnicity, and Gender." Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, vol. 20 no. 3, 2009, pp. 896-913. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0185
Implicit Prejudices and Stereotypes: A Pedagogical Demonstration
Adams, V. H., Devos, T., Rivera, L. M., Smith, H., & Vega, L. A. (2014). Teaching About Implicit Prejudices and Stereotypes: A Pedagogical Demonstration. Teaching of Psychology, 41(3), 204–212. https://doi.org/10.1177/0098628314537969
Implicit Bias: Produced by the Carolina Community
The books below are available in the UNC Chapel Hill Libraries. If you aren't affiliated with UNC, contact your local library for these and other books on implicit bias.
Race on the Brain: what implicit bias gets wrong about the struggle for racial justice by In Race on the Brain, Jonathan Kahn argues that implicit bias has grown into a master narrative of race relations--one with profound, if unintended, negative consequences for law, science, and society. He emphasizes its limitations, arguing that while useful as a tool to understand particular types of behavior, it is only one among several tools available to policy makers. An uncritical embrace of implicit bias, to the exclusion of power relations and structural racism, undermines wider civic responsibility for addressing the problem by turning it over to experts. Technological interventions, including many tests for implicit bias, are premised on a color-blind ideal and run the risk of erasing history, denying present reality, and obscuring accountability. Kahn recognizes the significance of implicit social cognition but cautions against seeing it as a panacea for addressing America's longstanding racial problems. A bracing corrective to what has become a common-sense understanding of the power of prejudice, Race on the Brain challenges us all to engage more thoughtfully and more democratically in the difficult task of promoting racial justice.
Call Number: HV9950 .K34 2018
Publication Date: 2017-11-07
The Person You Mean to Be: How Good People Fight Bias by Dolly reveals the surprising causes of inequality, grounded in the "psychology of good people". Using her research findings in unconscious bias as well as work across psychology, sociology, economics, political science, and other disciplines, she offers practical tools to respectfully and effectively talk politics with family, to be a better colleague to people who don't look like you, and to avoid being a well-intentioned barrier to equality. Being the person we mean to be starts with a look at ourselves.
Call Number: BF575.P9 C48 2018
Publication Date: 2018-09-04
The power of context: how to manage our bias and improve our understanding of others by Social life involves making judgments about other people. Often these snap judgments turn out to be wrong when we overlook context. Social psychologists call this pervasive bias the "fundamental attribution error." This book explores the many ways in which this error creeps into our social interactions, frequently causing misunderstanding, hurt feelings, and negative treatment of others.
Call Number: HM1076 .S73 2018
Publication Date: 2018-04-17
Blindspot: hidden biases of good people by "Blindspot" is the authors' metaphor for the portion of the mind that houses hidden biases. Writing with simplicity and verve, Banaji and Greenwald question the extent to which our perceptions of social groups--without our awareness or conscious control--shape our likes and dislikes and our judgments about people's character, abilities, and potential.
In Blindspot, the authors reveal hidden biases based on their experience with the Implicit Association Test, a method that has revolutionized the way scientists learn about the human mind and that gives us a glimpse into what lies within the metaphoric blindspot.
Call Number: BF575.P9 B25 2013
Publication Date: 2013-02-12
Risky business : unlocking unconscious biases in decisions by Making decisions can be tough, but how do you know it’s the right one and how can you be sure that unconscious biases aren’t distorting your thinking? In Risky Business, Anna Withers and Mark Withers draw on decades of research in the fields of psychology, behavioral economics and neuroscience to explain why are so-called rational brains are frequently fooled by over 100 powerful unconscious biases. At the same time they provide a straightforward framework everyone can use, where these biases are embodied into eight memorable characters that help us to avoid these pitfalls and make better decisions.
Call Number: ONLINE
Publication Date: 2016
Weight bias : nature, consequences, and remedies by Discrimination based on body shape and size remains commonplace in today's society. This important volume explores the nature, causes, and consequences of weight bias and presents a range of approaches to combat it. Leading psychologists, health professionals, attorneys, and advocates cover such critical topics as the barriers facing obese adults and children in health care, work, and school settings; how to conceptualize and measure weight-related stigmatization; theories on how stigma develops; the impact on self-esteem and health, quite apart from the physiological effects of obesity; and strategies for reducing prejudice and bringing about systemic change.
Call Number: BF697.5.B63 W43 2005
Publication Date: 2005-08-24
Biased by You don’t have to be racist to be biased. Unconscious bias can be at work without our realizing it, and even when we genuinely wish to treat all people equally, ingrained stereotypes can infect our visual perception, attention, memory, and behavior. This has an impact on education, employment, housing, and criminal justice. In Biased, with a perspective that is at once scientific, investigative, and informed by personal experience, Jennifer Eberhardt offers us insights into the dilemma and a path forward.
Call Number: Ebe
Publication Date: 2019-03-26