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Citing Information: Print Sources

Print Sources

MLA 8th ed.: Print Sources

Below are some of the examples of how citations may appear in a works-cited page in MLA. In MLA style the works-cited page is double-spaced. Optional elements that are not part of the core set will be labeled with an "O.E." preceding their element name.

Book

MLA Print Book

Edited Book

To cite an edition prepared for publication by someone other than the author:

MLA Print Edited Book

To cite a volume where the editor or compiler’s name appears on the title page and you are citing the entire book. Here the editor's name takes the position of the author:

MLA Print Edited Book with No Single Author

Translated Book

MLA Print Translation of Book

If referring primarily to the translator’s comments:

MLA Print Translated Book with Focus on Translator

Work from an Anthology

MLA Print Work from an Anthology

The "Original Publication Date" is optional, but can be very helpful to give the resource more context.

Edition of a Book

MLA Print Edition of a Book

Chapter with Translator and Book with Editor

This is a special instance where the "Title of Source" is a chapter of the book with its own translators. You want to put the translators as the"Other Contributors" after the title to indicate that they only translated that one part of the book. The editor would be indicated as an "Other Contributor" in its normal location after "Title of Container":

MLA Print Chapter with Translator and Book with Editor

Article from a Scholarly Journal

MLA Print Article from a Scholarly Journal

Original Article from a Literary Criticism Anthology

MLA Print Original Article from a Literary Criticism Anthology

Previously Published Article from a Literary Criticism Anthology

MLA Print Previously Published Article from a Literary Criticism Anthology

Note that you are citing the resource that you actually used for your research. The "Original Publication Information for the article is all optional and only needs to be included if you think that it will help the reader to know that it was previously published in a different form.

Article from a Newspaper

MLA Print Article from a Newspaper

Newspaper Article without an Author

MLA Print Newspaper Article without an Author

Article from a Magazine

MLA Print Article from a Magazine

Images from a Book/Journal

MLA Print Images from a Book/Journal

Note that the artist of the painting is the name in the "Author" element. Also, the "Original Publication Date" is the date that the painting was originally painted, which in this instance would be vital information for the reader, since the "Publication Date" is only for the book that the image was reprinted in.

Artwork Viewed In-Person

MLA Artwork Viewed in Person

If you want to cite a work of art that you personally viewed, again the "Author" is the creator of the artwork. In this case "Location" is the place where the work was viewed.

Personal Photographs

MLA Print Personal Photographs

The optional element "Unexpected Type of Work" can be a helpful descriptor of the resource. Transcripts or radio broadcasts might be some other instances where you would want to include this element.

Performance, Event, or Lecture

MLA Performance, Event, or Lecture

MLA allows you to cite an event or lecture viewed in person that is not printed. Notice that the "Publisher" is the name of the convention and "Location" describes where it was held.