Skip to Main Content

Citing Information: Sample References Page

CSE / CBE: Sample Works-Cited Page

CSE/CBE 8th edition Name-Year: Sample References Page


We have used a hanging indent and double-spaced here for readability, but CSE style does not specify an indent or preferred line spacing in bibliographies. Instead, this decision is left at the publisher's (or your professor's) discretion.


In the Name-Year system, the end reference page is alphabetized based on the first letter of the citations. Names and titles are to be alphabetized together. For personal names, alphabetize based on the last name, including any particles ("de," "la," "von," etc) that precede the name. Disregard all punctuation and accent marks in the last name. For titles or organization names, ignore articles such as "a" and "the" (and equivalents in other languages) for alphabetization purposes. If an author has multiple works, list them chronologically.

What to include

Your bibliography should contain only those works that correspond to a citation in the body of your paper. If you wish to include additional references not cited in your paper, you may provide another list with the title "Additional Reading" or similar.

Allan SA. 2001. Ticks (class Arachnida: order Acarina). In: Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA, editors. Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd ed. Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press. p 72-106.
Birmingham K. 2003. The move to preserve therapeutic cloning. J Clin Invest. [accessed 2017 Jan 3];112(11):1600-1601. doi:10.1172/JCI20474.
Blanchette M. 2003. A comparative analysis method for detecting binding sites in coding regions. In: Vingron M, Istrail S, Pevzner P, Waterman M, editors. RECOMB '03 Proceedings of the Seventh Annual International Conference on Computational Molecular Biology; 2003 Apr 10-14; Berlin, Germany. New York (NY): ACM Press; [accessed 2017 Jan 3]. p. 57-66. doi:10.1145/640075.640082.
Cox J, Engstrom RT. 2001. Influence of the spatial pattern of conserved lands on the persistence of a large population of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Biol Conserv. 100(1):137-150.
Euclid. 1956. The thirteen books of Euclid's elements. Vol 1, Books 1-2. 2nd ed. rev. with additions. Heath TL, translator. New York (NY): Dover Publications..
Greaves S. 2003. ZAP-ping T-cell activation. Nat Cell Biol. [accessed 2004 Mar 17];5(13):13. Figure 1, CD8-positive T cells incubated with antigen-producing cells; p. 13. doi:10.1038/ncb0103-13.
Losos JB. 2001 Mar. Evolution: a lizard's tale. Sci Am. 284(3):64-69.
Massachusetts Herpetology Atlas Project. c2014. Amherst (MA): University of Massachusetts Amherst; [accessed 2017 Jan 3].
Mech LD. 1988. The Arctic wolf: living with the pack. Stillwater (MN): Voyageur Press. 128 p.
Memory hackers [video]. 2016 Feb. 10, 53:07 minutes. NOVA. PBS. [accessed 2017 Jan 4].
Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE, Wilson EO, editors. 1997. Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press. 551 p.
Rieseberg LH, Raymond O, Rosenthal DM, Lai Z, Livingstone K, Nakazato T, Durphy JL, Schwarzbach AE, Donovan LA, Lexer C. 2003 Aug 29. Major ecological transitions in wild sunflowers facilitated by hybridization. Science. [accessed 2017 Jan 3];301(5637):1211-1216. doi:10.1126/science.1086949.
Wellborn TL. 1988 Dec. Channel catfish: life history and biology. College Station (TX): Texas Agricultural Extension Service; [accessed 2017 Jan 3].
[WHO] World Health Organization. 2015. WHO expert committee on biological standardization, sixty-fifth report. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; [accessed 2017 Jan 3]. Report No.: 993.
Yoon CK. 2000 Dec 26. DNA clues improve outlook for red wolf. New York Times. Sect. F:10 (col. 1).