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Citing Information: Sample Bibliography Page

Chicago Sample Works-Cited Page

Chicago: Sample Bibliography Page

The Chicago Manual of Style Online (access for UNC affiliates via Onyen login)


In Chicago style, the bibliography page should be double-spaced, with the same spacing within and between citations. Either use the hanging-indentation function on your word processor or format each entry like a normal paragraph with a first-line indent.


Citations beginning with names and those beginning with titles are to be alphabetized together. Numbers in titles are treated as though they have been spelled out. For names, alphabetize based on the letters that come before the comma separating the last name from the first, and disregard any spaces or other punctuation in the last name. For titles, ignore articles such as "a" and "the" (and equivalents in other languages) for alphabetization purposes.

What to include

The bibliography may contain works that you do not cite in the body of your paper. Newspaper articles are often omitted from the bibliography; personal communications with the author are generally omitted as well. In these cases, a citation note should be included in the body of the paper. The newspaper examples that appear in the tutorial are included in the sample bibliography below.

Brest, Martin. Gigli. DVD. New York: Sony Home Entertainment, 2003.
Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett, 1962.
Clabough, Casey. "Appropriations of History, Gothicism, and Cthulhu: Fred Chappell's Dagon." Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 36, no. 3 (2003): 37-53.
Delaroche, Paul. Portrait of a Woman, 1829. Pastel Drawing (Ackland Art Museum, Chapel Hill, NC). In European Drawings from the Collection of the Ackland Art Museum, by Carol C. Gillham and Carolyn H. Wood. Chapel Hill: The Museum, University of North Carolina, 2001, 93.
Fildes, Alan, and Joann Fletcher. Alexander the Great: Son of the Gods. London: Duncan Baird, 2001.
Haas, Stephanie. "Relational Algebra 1." (lecture in Introduction to Database Concepts and Applications, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, March 20, 2007).
Haldon, John. "Humour and the Everyday in Byzantium." In Humour, History, and Politics in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, edited by Guy Halsall, 48-71. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Hedges, Chris. "When Armies of Conquest Marched In, So Did Saints." New York Times. February 12, 2000. LexisNexis Academic.
Holliday, Billie, vocalist. 1958. “I’m a Fool to Want You.” By Joel Herron, Frank Sinatra, and Jack Wolf. Recorded February 20, 1958, with Ray Ellis. Track 1 on Lady in Satin.  Columbia CL 1157, 33 1/3 rpm.
Kane, Dan and Jane Stancill. "UNC Building Projects Advance: $491 Million Gets Initial House Nod." Raleigh News & Observer, July 15, 2003.
Lodge, Henry Cabot, ed. The History of Nations. New York: P.F. Collier, 1928.
Marlowe, Lara. "The Secrets of Snefru." Time, July 22, 1996, 66-67.
Monet, Claude. Meadow with Haystacks at Giverny, oil on canvas, 1885, (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). ARTstor.
National Park Service. "Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site." Last modified June 2, 2011.
Pink Floyd. 1970. Atom Heart Mother. Capitol CDP7 463812, 1990, compact disc.
Rathgeb, Jody. "Taking the Heights." Civil War Times Illustrated 36, no. 6 (December 1997): 26-32. Academic Search Premier (9185).
Reid, Peter H. "The Decline and Fall of the British Country House Library." Libraries & Culture 36, no. 2 (2001): 345-366.
Rihanna [Robin Ferry], vocalist. 2007. “Umbrella.” Featuring Jay-Z. MP3 audio.
Track 1 on Rhianna, Good Girl Gone Bad. Island Def Jam.
Weisman, Steven R. "North Korea Seen as Ready to Agree to Wider Meetings." New York Times, August 14, 2003.