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Citing Information: Sample References Page

CSE/CBE: Sample Works-Cited Page

CSE/CBE 8th edition Citation Sequence: Sample References Page

As of Fall 2020, UNC affiliates have temporary access to Scientific Style and Format; the CSE Manual for full guidance on CSE/CBE citations. Available by special arrangement in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. Simultaneous access is limited.


We have double-spaced here for readability, but CSE style does not specify a preferred line spacing in bibliographies. Instead, this decision is left at the publisher's (or your professor's) discretion.


Citations are presented in the order in which they are introduced in the text. This means that the work that is cited first in the text (and thus assigned the number "1") appears in the list first, the work assigned the number "2" appears next, and so on.

What to include

Your bibliography should contain only those works that correspond to a citation in the body of your paper. If you wish to include additional references not cited in your paper, you may provide another list with the title "Additional Reading" or similar.

1. Mech LD. The Arctic wolf: living with the pack. Stillwater (MN): Voyageur Press; 1988. 128 p.
2. Reaka-Kudla ML, Wilson DE, Wilson EO, editors. Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological resources. Washington (DC): Joseph Henry Press; 1997. 551 p.
3. Allan SA. Ticks (class Arachnida: order Acarina). In: Samuel WM, Pybus MJ, Kocan AA, editors. Parasitic diseases of wild mammals. 2nd ed. Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press; 2001. p 72-106.
4. Cox J, Engstrom RT. Influence of the spatial pattern of conserved lands on the persistence of a large population of red-cockaded woodpeckers. Biol Conserv. 2001;100(1):137-150.
5. Losos JB. Evolution: a lizard's tale. Sci Am. 2001 Mar;284(3): 64-69.
6. Yoon CK. DNA clues improve outlook for red wolf. New York Times. 2000 Dec 26;Sect. F:10 (col. 1).
7. Euclid. The thirteen books of Euclid's elements. Vol 1, Books 1-2. 2nd ed. rev. with additions. Heath TL, translator. New York (NY): Dover Publications; 1956.
8. Rieseberg LH, Raymond O, Rosenthal DM, Lai Z, Livingstone K, Nakazato T, Durphy JL, Schwarzbach AE, Donovan LA, Lexer C. Major ecological transitions in wild sunflowers facilitated by hybridization. Science. 2003 Aug 29 [accessed 2017 Jan 3];301(5637):1211-1216. doi:10.1126/science.1086949.
9. Birmingham K. The move to preserve therapeutic cloning. J Clin Invest. 2003 [cited 2017 Jan 3];112(11):1600-1601. doi:10.1172/JCI20474.
10. Blanchette M. A comparative analysis method for detecting binding sites in coding regions. In: Vingron M, Istrail S, Pevzner P, Waterman M, editors. RECOMB '03 Proceedings of the Seventh Annual International Conference on Computational Molecular Biology; 2003 Apr 10-14; Berlin, Germany. New York (NY): ACM Press; 2003 [accessed 2017 Jan 3]. p. 57-66. doi:10.1145/640075.640082.
11. Massachusetts Herpetology Atlas Project. Amherst (MA): University of Massachusets Amherst; c2014 [accessed 2017 Jan 3].
12. Wellborn TL. Channel catfish: life history and biology. College Station (TX): Texas Agricultural Extension Service; 2000 [accessed 2004 Mar 16]. 4 p.
13. World Health Organization. WHO expert committee on biological standardization, sixty-fifth report. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; 2015 [accessed 2017 Jan 3]. Report No.: 993.
14. Greaves S. ZAP-ping T-cell activation. Nat Cell Biol. 2003 [accessed 2004 Mar 17];5(13):13. Figure 1, CD8-positive T cells incubated with antigen-producing cells; p. 13. doi:10.1038/ncb0103-13.
15. Memory hackers [video]. NOVA. PBS. 2016 Feb. 10, 53:07 minutes. [accessed 2017 Jan 4].