It identifies and organizes the main ideas of a complex patient presentation:
You can also add Type of Question, Type of Study, or Setting to the PICO framework to create PICOTTS.
PICO is a framework to help you narrow your topic. You do not have to use all of the letters in PICOTTS to have a specific question.
Question frameworks vary by discipline, methodology, and by the type of question you are asking. If one framework doesn’t fit, try another! Learn more about the frameworks in the article Formulating questions to explore complex interventions within qualitative evidence synthesis.