Pharmacy: Clinical Practice

Top Clinical Resources

Tertiary Information Resources

Primary and Secondary Literature Resources

Additional Clinical Resources

Secondary and Tertiary Resources

Selecting a Resource for your Drug Information Question

What resource should I begin with? It depends upon the type of question. This table identifies specific resources, as starting points, to answer common question types (listed alphabetically). 

Resources by Question Type

Question Type First Choices Next Choices
Adverse effects Meyler's Side Effects of DrugsAHFS Drug Information, Facts & Comparisons, Micromedex (on campus only)

UpToDateDailyMed, Manufacturers’ websites, EmbasePubMed

Bioequivalency FDA Electronic Orange Book AHFS Drug Information
Chemical Data AHFS Drug InformationNLM Drug Information Portal Micromedex (on campus only)
Clinical Trials ClinicalTrials.gov  
Comparative Information AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) EMBASE, PubMed
Contraindications AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) Manufacturers’ websites, NLM Drug Information PortalPubMed
Cost UpToDate, Red Book (Truven) Commercial web sites such as GoodRX.com
Disease state information

Access PharmacyUpToDateMEDLINEPlus, Stat!Ref

Micromedex (on campus only), VisualDXNatural Medicines

Dosage Recommendations AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) DailyMed, Manufacturers’ websites
Drug administration AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) Manufacturers’ websites, NLM Drug Information Portal
Drug interactions (drug-drug, drug-food, drug-lab tests, drug-disease, etc.) Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only), Natural Medicines,  UpToDate - Drug Interactions EmbasePubMed
Drugs in pregnancy and lactation

Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation (Briggs), (Briggs also available via Facts & Comparisons), Micromedex (on campus only), LactMed, Medications and Mothers' Milk

AHFS Drug InformationNatural Medicines 

Herbal, natural & homepathic products, dietary supplements Natural Medicines MEDLINEPlus, Embase, Micromedex (on campus only),  product websites
Identification (foreign) Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only), European Medicines Agency (EMEA) Embase
Identification (domestic) Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only), NLM Pillbox product websites (see How Supplied section of package insert)
Immunization schedules CDC website UpToDate, Immunization Action Coalition
Industry BCC ResearchNexis Uni (contains Pink Sheet, MedTech Insight, In Vivo, Scrip Intelligence)   FactivaCenterwatchNetAdvantage 
IV compatibility

Interactive Handbook on Injectable Drugs (includes Trissel's), Pediatric Injectable Drugs: The Teddy Bear Book

Micromedex (on campus only)
Manufacturer’s contact information Facts & Comparisons, Manufacturers' websites  
Non-proprietary and Proprietary Names AHFS Drug InformationDrugs@FDAFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only), UpToDate DailyMed, product websites, PubMed
Nursing considerations Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide Davis' Drug Guide
Over-the-counter products Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) Product websites
Patient counseling/education Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only), MEDLINEPlusNatural Medicines FDA for Consumers
Pharmacokinetics AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) DailyMed, product websites, EmbasePubMed
Pharmacology AHFS Drug Information, Access PharmacyFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) Embase, product websites, NLM Drug Information Portal
Regulatory/legal information FDA website, Access Pharmacy, Nexis Uni USA.gov
Therapeutic use (approved indications) AHFS Drug InformationFacts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) DailyMed, FDA website
Therapeutic use (off-label uses) AHFS Drug InformationMicromedex (on campus only) PubMed
Toxicology/poisoning Facts & ComparisonsMicromedex (on campus only) ToxNet
Current news Nexis Uni, Factiva  News websites

†Commercial website, use for informational purposes only.

Table adapted from the University of Washington Health Sciences Library; reused and revised with permission. 

Apps / Mobile Databases

mobileMicromedex is available for free to UNC-CH students, faculty, and staff.  You must be on campus to register but may be off campus when using your device. Instructions for registering are at Mobile Instructions.

The UpToDate app is also available for Android, iPhone and Windows. Instructions for registering are at Mobile Instructions.

A list of additional apps and mobile resources is in the Mobile Health & Research Apps guide

Natural Medicines, Supplements, and Herbals

Pharmacy Librarian

Rebecca Carlson, MLS, AHIP's picture
Rebecca Carlson, MLS, AHIP
Asklib.hsl.unc.edu can provide help through email, chat, or phone
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Looking for IPA?

The University Libraries no longer subscribes to International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), but you can search Scopus to find most of the journals in IPA.

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